Fifty years ago, the place where Brasilia now stands was nothing but the Cerrado the name given to the Brazilian Savanna.
The reality changed after the dream of one single man, who watched a new metropolis in the heart of the country. A new capital that all the Brazilians would be proud of. In 1960, after 4 years of hard work, billions of dollars and many points in the inflation rates, former president Juscelino Kubitschek inaugurated Brasiília.
For visitors, Brasilia´s attractions are purely architectural. Brazil's best designers, architects, and artists were commissioned to create the monuments and buildings and make them beautiful. A visit to Brasilia is a chance to see and judge their success.
The master plan of the city was selected after a national contest. The winning design was submitted by architect Lucio Costa. Costa's plan was pure architectural Modernism: a lot of concrete, planned neighborhoods, identical residential buildings and large avenues.
The main concept includes two great intersecting streets, one straight, one slightly curved. In the word of Costa: the project "was born from the primary gesture of someone who signs a place of take its ownership: two axis crossing themselves in right angle, the sign of the cross, itself".
Viewed from the sky, the city looked bold and monumental airplane in flight. The fuselage contains the ministries, government buildings, the senate and chamber of deputies and a futuristic cathedral. The wings of the airplane are named the North Wing and South Wings are where the residential building are located.
All buildings were projected by the architect Oscar Niemeyer, one of the world’s most important architects in the 20th century. The Congress, the Presidential Palace and specially the Cathedral are considered master pieces of Modernism architecture.
Brasilia is the only city built on 20th Century to be declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO due to its unique design and fantastic architecture.
Located in the geographic center of Brasil, Brasilia is the corner where Brazilians from all different local cultures meet. It is also a perfect place to admire the creativity and originally of two genius of Modernist architecture.
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