From its source in Iquito, Peru, to its mouth in Marajó Island, Brazil, all comments about the Amazon River and the Amazon Forest have to be made using superlatives.
Biggest, largest, longest are very common words regarding them. The magnificence of the rivers and trees, the incredible diversity of nature, the simplicity and hospitality of the people, compound a unique scenario where you can have contact and learn about the last frontier of untouched life.
Just to give an idea of the size of this giant, take a look at these numbers: ­

  • The Amazon Forest is the largest Rain Forest in the world and its area is over 6,5 million Km2.
  • About 80% of this area is located in Brazil. ­ The Amazon is the second longest river in the world (after the Nile), stretching 4,000 miles (6,400 kilometers). ­ But it's the largest when it comes to volume.
  • The Amazon contains 20% of the Earth's fresh water. ­ Its volume is equal to 11 times the volume of Mississipi River. In just one day the Amazon River pours into the ocean the same volume that the River Thames does in one year!!! ­
  • In average the Amazon River is between 6 and 10 km wide. During the wet season the river rises more than 9m (30 feet) and the river becomes even wider. ­
  • During one year, the average rain precipitation is over 3m (9 feet).

Impressed by the size of this giant??? The numbers regarding its biologic richness are even bigger…
What distinguishes the Amazon from other tropical rain forests is the sheer number of plant and animal species that make their home here. Biologically, it is the richest and most diverse region in the world. ­

  • The Amazon Forest contains about 20% of all higher plant species, roughly the same proportion of bird species, around 10% of the world's mammals and countless varieties of reptiles. ­
  • Just one type of tree may support more than 400 insect species. The total number is unknown and probably it will always be. ­
  • In all rivers of the Amazon Region, you should find around 2,000 species of fish -10 times the number found in European rivers.

If the numbers are superlatives, Amazon beauties are even more. And the adjectives change too: wonderful, incredible, astonishing!!!

The Amazon Region provides innumerous wonderful views and feelings. The green from the jungle reflecting in the dark waters of the Rio Negro combined with the blue sky can be considered a masterpiece of God. Images like the flight of a group of macaws or the smooth swimming of the pink dolphin will be saved in your memory forever. Be sure!
The beauty of the Water Meeting, where the creamy waters of the Solimões River meet the dark waters of the Rio Negro, keeping separated for miles, is a spectacle of nature. Taking a shower at warm waters of the Hole Stone Waterfall, located in the middle of the Amazon Rain Forest is an explosion of sensations: the humid air inside the jungle, the sounds of birds and monkeys, the smell of the wood and leafs.

The Amazon talks by itself. We invite you to come with us and visit this wonder of nature. It is a trip you’ll never forget.

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See details and pictures of each attraction of this destination.

Presidente Figueiredo
Meeting of the Waters
Monkey´s Island
Anavilhanas Archipelago
Igapó Canoe Tour


  • During the tours on the rivers it is very common to see dolphins and eventually the beautiful pink dolphin. Leave your camera ready for pictures and pay attention to the river!
  • Don’t let to appreciate the sunshine in the Amazon. The symphony of the birds is particularly beautiful at this time.
  • The waters of Rio Negro are too acid, avoiding the proliferation of mosquitoes. On the other hand, insets repellent will be very helpful on tours on the Amazon River. Don’t forget it!!!
  • Don’t forget to take swim gear to the excursion to Pres. Figueiredo waterfalls.
  • The jungle hotels normally do not take credit cards, due to the lack of telephone lines. Don’t forget to take enough money for room expenses.

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The year in the Amazon can be divided in two seasons: the rainy one (called winter by local people) that goes from December to June and the dry one (called summer) that goes from July to November). Temperatures are always high, between 25ºC (77F) and 35ºC (95F), but it can easily reach 40ºC (104F) during the dry season. Between September and November when the rivers are low, tourists can appreciate the formation of beaches in the rivers. In May and June, when the rivers are higher and wider, most of the beaches disappear but the scenery becomes even more beautiful.
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Despite the Amazon Region represents around 50% of the Brazilian territory, less than 8% of national population live there (around 11 million). This very low occupation of the territory (less than 2 inhabitants/km2 helped to save the forest until now. However, the opening of new roads in the southern Amazon, in the states of Mato Grosso and Pará, brought many people from other states looking for cheap land for plantation, what is causing severe ecologic damage in the region.

The two most important groups of people in the Amazon are the Indians and the Caboclos.

The Indians
In 1500, when the Portuguese arrived, the total Indian population in Brazil was around 18 million, spread in the whole country, remaining today less than 500 thousands.
The Amazon is the last area where you can find Indigenous communities with none ore small influence of western people. There are still tribes hostiles to foreigners and that never had contact with our culture. These tribes are very important to the studies of anthropologists.

The Caboclos
Caboclo is the name given for the group of people that was born from the mix between the Europeans and the local Indians. Nowadays, Caboclo is also the denomination given for the people who live in the margins of the rivers in Amazon. Their houses are built over wood stakes, named Palafitas, so the house is not flooded during the rainy season. The Caboclo is a kind and welcoming person, despite the poorness and ignorance due to the big distance to the bigger cities.

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Wild Forests   (Special Programs)
This program allows you to have contact with three of the most important ecosystems of Brazil such as the Amazon Forest, the flooded areas of the Pantanal, the savannas of the Cerrado and the Atlantic Rainforest. It also includes visits to the magnificent nature of Bonito, the colonial arquitecture in Paraty and the unforgettable landscape of Rio de Janeiro.

Amazon Manaus   (Ecotourism)
The exuberant nature of the Amazon Forest and its best attraccions.

Projeto Bagagem - Amazon   (Expeditions)
More than a simple trip visiting tourist attractions, the "Projeto Bagagem – Amazon" is an opportunity to visit one of the most beautiful and preserved regions in Amazon and experience reality of life in a remote community, in a gainful process of cultural interchange.

Natural Wonders   (Special Programs)
Imagine the Sahara Desert, with hundreds of miles of white dunes, but for each dune you climb, there’s a blue lagoon with refreshing water…  These are real places: Lençóis Maranhenses, Chapada Diamantina, Iguaçu Falls and the Amazon are four natural wonders found only in Brazil!

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The contents of this site are copyright ? 2003 Biosfera Brasil Ag¨ºncia de Turismo Ltda. All rights reserved. Site Map
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