Brazil is such a big country and so diversified that you can find the whole world on it. It takes up almost half of the South American continent and spans various time zones.

    In its 8.5 million square kilometers, Brazil presents fantastic landscapes ranging from semi-desert to the rain forest, one of the richest biodiversity of the planet.

    The country is relatively flat; the highest mountain, the "Pico da Neblina", is located in the north of Amazon and has 3,014m (10,000ft). Other important chain of mountains are the "Serra da Mantiqueira", between Rio and São Paulo and the "Catarinense Plateau" in the south of the country.

    The country shares border with almost all countries in South America (except Chile and Ecuador).

    The Amazon Tropical Rain Forest is located in the Northwest part of Brazil and accounts for almost 42% of the area of the country.

    Other important ecosystems are the flood areas of the Pantanal in the West, the green plains of Pampa, located in the in the South of the country, and the semi-desert "Cerrado", in the middle-west plateau. Despite its huge size the population inhabit only a very small part of the country.

    Great part of the population is urban (over 80%) and is based in the coast, mostly in the Southeast, where are located the largest cities of the country - São Paulo (17 million), Rio de Janeiro(10 million) and Belo Horizonte (3 million). Other important cities are Brasilia (the Capital), Porto Alegre, Curitiba, Salvador, Fortaleza, Manaus and Belém.

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